Mental Health Definitions

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Descriptions of Mental Health Concerns

Everyone experiences mental health concerns or disorders differently, so it’s important to learn more about some of these common conditions to help identify signs in yourself or others, and then seek proper care. A number of effective treatments are available to help individuals manage symptoms and lead full and productive lives. At Samaritan Center, we are here to help. Call us at 512-451-7337, opt. 8.

Adjustment Disorder

A group of symptoms, such as stress, feeling sad or hopeless, and physical symptoms that can occur after you go through a stressful life event.


Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness or anxiousness and involve excessive fear or anxiety, often impacting everyday living. 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is a developmental disorder defined by trouble paying attention, acting without thinking, and being overly active. Impulsive behaviors and hyperactivity can cause problems at home, at school, or with friends. 


Bipolar disorder causes dramatic shifts in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to think clearly. Individuals with this disorder experience extreme high and low moods, known as mania and depression.


Depression is characterized by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, loss of energy, or loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities. When a person is depressed, it can negatively impact the way one thinks, feels, and acts. 

Dual Diagnosis

A person with dual diagnosis has both a mental disorder and an alcohol or drug problem.

Eating Disorder

Eating disorders are characterized by an unhealthy relationship with food that involves either overeating or undereating, distorted body image, and an obsession with food, exercise, and/or body weight. Physical health and social behaviors can be affected.


Significant pain that accompanies loss of someone or something of great importance.

Moral Injury

Moral injury occurs in response to acting or witnessing behaviors that go against an individual’s values, often causing guilt, shame, disgust, and anger. 

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD involves recurring, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) that makes one feel driven to do something repetitively (compulsions), often significantly interfering with a person’s daily life. 

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD involves a range of symptoms which include anxiety, startle response, nightmares, and/or flashbacks that develop after a person experiences a traumatic event. The traumatic event might be a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, rape, war/combat, or something similar.


Psychosis is characterized as disruptions to a person’s thoughts and perceptions that make it difficult for them to recognize what is real and what isn’t. 


Schizophrenia interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions, and relate to others. It also causes people to lose touch with reality, often in the form of hallucinations and delusions. 

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse occurs when an individual’s use of drugs or substances interferes with their life, and they are unable to stop using despite negative consequences.



Trauma is the response to a physically or emotionally harmful, and sometimes life-threatening, experience that overwhelms an individual’s ability to cope, causes feelings of helplessness, diminishes their sense of self, and their ability to feel.


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

TBI is caused by an injury to the brain and has a wide range of physical and psychological effects.